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Decompress archives

The /file/decompress Robot extracts entire archives of files to be consumed by other Robots or exported as individual files.

The /file/decompress Robot reads, decompresses and extracts all files from an archive file. The following archive formats are supported:

  • ZIP archives (with uncompressed or "deflate"-compressed entries)
  • 7-Zip archives
  • RAR archives
  • GNU tar format (including GNU long filenames, long link names, and sparse files)
  • Solaris 9 extended tar format (including ACLs)
  • Old V7 tar archives
  • POSIX ustar
  • POSIX pax interchange format
  • POSIX octet-oriented cpio
  • SVR4 ASCII cpio
  • POSIX octet-oriented cpio
  • Binary cpio (big-endian or little-endian)
  • ISO9660 CD-ROM images (with optional Rockridge or Joliet extensions)
  • GNU and BSD "ar" archives
  • "mtree" format
  • Microsoft CAB format
  • LHA and LZH archives
  • XAR archives

This Robot also detects and handles any of the following before evaluating the archive file:

  • uuencoded files
  • Files with RPM wrapper
  • gzip compression
  • bzip2 compression
  • compress/LZW compression
  • lzma, lzip, and xz compression

For security reasons, archives that contain symlinks to outside the archived dir, will error out the Assembly. Decompressing password-protected archives (encrypted archives) is currently not fully supported but will not cause an Assembly to fail.

Parameters

  • use

    String / Array of Strings / Object required

    Specifies which Step(s) to use as input.

    • You can pick any names for Steps except ":original" (reserved for user uploads handled by Transloadit)

    • You can provide several Steps as input with arrays:

      "use": [
        ":original",
        "encoded",
        "resized"
      ]
      

    💡 That’s likely all you need to know about use, but you can view advanced use cases:

    › Advanced use cases
    • Step bundling. Some Robots can gather several Step results for a single invocation. For example, the /file/compress Robot would normally create one archive for each file passed to it. If you'd set bundle_steps to true, however, it will create one archive containing all the result files from all Steps you give it. To enable bundling, provide an object like the one below to the use parameter:

      "use": {
        "steps": [
          ":original",
          "encoded",
          "resized"
        ],
        "bundle_steps": true
      }
      

      This is also a crucial parameter for the /video/adaptive Robot, otherwise you'll generate 1 playlist for each viewing quality.
      Keep in mind that all input Steps must be present in your Template. If one of them is missing (for instance it is rejected by a filter), no result is generated because the Robot waits indefinitely for all input Steps to be finished.

      Here’s a demo that showcases Step bundling.

    • Group by original. Sticking with the /file/compress Robot example, you can set group_by_original to true, in order to create a separate archive for each of your uploaded or imported files, instead of creating one archive containing all originals (or one per resulting file). This is important for for the /media/playlist Robot where you'd typically set:

      "use": {
        "steps": [
          "segmented"
        ],
        "bundle_steps": true,
        "group_by_original": true
      }
      
    • Fields. You can be more discriminatory by only using files that match a field name by setting the fields property. When this array is specified, the corresponding Step will only be executed for files submitted through one of the given field names, which correspond with the strings in the name attribute of the HTML file input field tag for instance. When using a back-end SDK, it corresponds with myFieldName1 in e.g.: $transloadit->addFile('myFieldName1', './chameleon.jpg').

      This parameter is set to true by default, meaning all fields are accepted.

      Example:

      "use": {
        "steps": [ ":original" ],
        "fields": [ "myFieldName1" ]
      }
      
    • Use as. Sometimes Robots take several inputs. For instance, the /video/merge Robot can create a slideshow from audio and images. You can map different Steps to the appropriate inputs.

      Example:

      "use": {
        "steps": [
          { "name": "audio_encoded", "as": "audio" },
          { "name": "images_resized", "as": "image" }
        ]
      }
      

      Sometimes the ordering is important, for instance, with our concat Robots. In these cases, you can add an index that starts at 1. You can also optionally filter by the multipart field name. Like in this example, where all files are coming from the same source (end-user uploads), but with different <input> names:

      Example:

      "use": {
        "steps": [
          { "name": ":original", "fields": "myFirstVideo", "as": "video_1" },
          { "name": ":original", "fields": "mySecondVideo", "as": "video_2" },
          { "name": ":original", "fields": "myThirdVideo", "as": "video_3" }
        ]
      }
      

      For times when it is not apparent where we should put the file, you can use Assembly Variables to be specific. For instance, you may want to pass a text file to the /image/resize Robot to burn the text in an image, but you are burning multiple texts, so where do we put the text file? We specify it via ${use.text_1}, to indicate the first text file that was passed.

      Example:

      "watermarked": {
        "robot": "/image/resize",
        "use"  : {
          "steps": [
            { "name": "resized", "as": "base" },
            { "name": "transcribed", "as": "text" },
          ],
        },
        "text": [
          {
            "text"  : "Hi there",
            "valign": "top",
            "align" : "left",
          },
          {
            "text"    : "From the 'transcribed' Step: ${use.text_1}",
            "valign"  : "bottom",
            "align"   : "right",
            "x_offset": 16,
            "y_offset": -10,
          }
        ]
      }
      
  • ignore_errors

    Array of Strings / Boolean ⋅ default: []

    A possible array member is only "meta".

    You might see an error when trying to extract metadata from the files inside your archive. This happens, for example, for files with a size of zero bytes. Setting this to true will cause the Robot to not stop the file decompression (and the entire Assembly) when that happens.

    To keep backwards compatibility, setting this parameter to true will set it to ["meta"] internally.

Demos

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